The site covers 840 English and Welsh castles, fortified manor houses, Bishop's palaces and Pele towers constructed over the last twenty centuries. These range from the most impressive
and powerful of structures like Dover Castle
to worn earthworks that are all that are now left of sites such as Elmley Castle
. There is also information on 270
of the mainly 18th and 19th century coastal forts and gun batteries that can still be seen, mainly around the south coasts of England and Wales.
The first stone fortifications were constructed by the Romans in the 1st Century, and they were so well built as at Portchester
that many are still standing.
The next wave of castle building started in all the major towns and cities after the Norman invasion and between 1066 and 1200 well over two and a half thousand castles were erected. Most were simple earth
and timber structures and have now either vanished or exist only as a motte, a grassy mound, or earthworks........more
Over 870 of the sites have been photographed so far with your help
for which I am very appreciative. If you have any photos of any castles or forts not yet photographed then please do email
Use the Maps menu to select one of the 12 regions of England & Wales and then either use the castle icons or the dropdown lists on each of the map pages to view the sites. To find a specific castle or
fortification use either the Search menu for A - Z listings or use Site Map to search by region.